NSR is part of an EU project that deals with phytoremediation, which means that different ways of decontaminating contaminated soil are tested, with the help of plants. The main outputs of the project will be three installed pilot cases and the creation of a standard to promote the method of Baltic Phytoremediation.
Phytoremediation is a new and promising method with a number of benefits. It has been tested, but is still in the early stages of development. It has the potential to become an established method for recycling contaminated soil. It is based on the cultivation of plants that take up pollutants and store it in their biomass.
This project is run within the EU program Interreg South Baltic, where Linnaeus University has the main responsibility.
In the pilot case in which NSR is involved, we study the possibility of removing nutrients from the surface and plant layers of the Filborna landfill. The measure can provide a cleaner surface debris from the landfill, with lower levels of phosphorus and nitrogen. This in turn can reduce eutrophication of the southern Baltic Sea.
Different plants will be grown and the different abilities of plants to absorb and store or break down different types of pollutants will be investigated.